9 JavaFX Alternatives

JavaFX is a great tool for developers who need to create rich user interfaces. However, it has some drawbacks that may make it unsuitable for your needs. If this sounds like you, read on! This blog post will introduce 10 JavaFX alternatives and give some more information about them.

Here Are The 9 JavaFX Alternatives

1. Swing

2. SWT

3. AWT

4. Android SDK   

5. JavaFX for the Web (JFX)

6. JRuby on Rails (JRails)

7. GWT (Google Web Toolkit) 

8. Scala FX (Scala and Java mixed together)

9. Kotlin 


Swing is a Java-based GUI toolkit originally developed by Sun. It was created in part to provide backward compatibility with the then-current release of Java, and also because other efforts at producing new graphical user interfaces (GUIs) for desktop computers were not successful. 

Swing provides two design approaches – they can be used separately or together; The Model View Controller Approach which separates application data from its representations on screen, and the FormView Approach that uses forms as containers for views. This means you have full control over how your app looks!

If you’re looking for something lightweight but powerful enough to create an impressive UI without sacrificing performance, this may be perfect.

Featureas Of Swing

1. Swing is a cross-platform GUI toolkit 

2. Swing provides two types of components: lightweight and heavyweight 

3. The lightweight components are called the Java Foundation Classes (JFC) 

4. Heavyweight components are called Abstract Window Toolkit (AWT) or Swing Components and they provide more functionality than JFCs 

5. There are four major benefits to using swing instead of other GUI toolkits: it’s easy to use, it has a consistent look and feel across all platforms, it offers both heavyweight and lightweight options for your needs, and it’s fast.


SWT is a cross-platform GUI toolkit. In contrast to Swing, SWT uses native widgets on each operating system it runs on so that they have the same look and feel as what you are running on. This can be an issue for users who work in multiple platforms or switch between them frequently because their UI will not stay consistent across all of them. There are other benefits to using SWM though: it’s easier to maintain than Swing, performance is better, and once one learns how to use SWT there is less code required due to its simpler interface

Features Of SWT

1. SWT is a cross-platform toolkit 

2. SWT is written in Java and C++ 

3. SWT provides the following components: widgets, layout managers, graphics devices, input events and handlers 

4. SWT supports advanced features like drag-and-drop, clipboard access, property change notifications


AWT is a lightweight toolkit for programmers to use in their applications. It was designed with portability and performance as its top two priorities: it offers the smallest footprint (memory requirements are lower) and fastest execution of all Java GUI toolkits currently available.

AWT can be used standalone, or within other Swing-based frameworks such as

NetBeans IDE – Integrated Development Environment which provides developers with an easy way to create desktop apps using Swing’s API alongside other components like debugging tools, profilers etc.

The NetBeans ide also has support for web development under JSP pages that one could easily open up from inside the IDE.

Features Of AWT

1. The AWT is a user interface toolkit for Java 

2. It provides basic components, such as buttons, text fields, and scrollbars 

3. It also includes more advanced components that can be used to create complex graphical interfaces, such as list boxes, tree view controls, and sliders

Android SDK

The Android SDK is a software development kit for the Android Operating System, which includes tools that can be used to develop and debug applications for this operating system. The SDK contains various parts such as an emulator, device drivers, documentation etc.

Features Of Android SDK

1. Android SDK is a software development kit that provides tools and APIs for developing applications on the Android platform 

2. The SDK includes a comprehensive set of development tools, including an emulator based on QEMU, documentation, sample code, tutorials and training materials 

3. It also includes libraries to help developers implement common tasks such as accessing the device’s contacts database or managing its calendar 

4. Developers can extend their apps with custom Java libraries or native C/C++ code using JNI.

JavaFX For The Web (JFX)

This is a JavaFX alternative. It’s based on the JFX framework, which provides developers with a declarative and description-based API for creating web applications without using HTML, CSS or JavaScript. This means that frontend code can be written in pure Java (following either the MVC pattern or MVVM). Frontends are compiled to JavaScript prior to being executed by Web browsers. The major benefit of this approach is that it eliminates cross-browser dependency problems: UI components always render consistently across all available browser platforms because they’re generated from standard-compliant ECMAScript/JavaScript code rather than hand-coded HTML markup.

Features Of JavaFX For The Web (JFX)

1. JFX provides a rich set of UI components for the Web 

2. The applet and application deployment models are supported 

3. You can use HTML5, CSS3, and JavaScript to style your apps 

4. Java developers have access to all the APIs they’re familiar with from desktop development 

5. JFX is open source software under the Apache 2 license

JRuby On Rails (JRails)

One of the most popular Ruby libraries is JRuby, which allows developers to call Java code from a Ruby program. This makes it possible for you to create applications in both languages and run them on either platform with little difficulty. The opportunity here lies in combining an enterprise-level back end written in Java with your favourite Web development language (typically Ruby) for cool new execution environments, such as Windows Desktop Applications or Mac OS X Apps.

JRuby has been around since 2001 when its creator Charles Nutter first published his ideas about how dynamic languages like Python might make programming easier by letting programmers focus more on their business logic rather than mundane details of type conversion and other lower-level tasks associated with statically typed languages like C++ or Java.

Features Of JRuby On Rails (JRails)

1. JRuby on Rails (JRails) is a Ruby on Rails framework that runs on the Java Virtual Machine 

2. JRails uses less memory than other Ruby implementations, which means it can handle more requests at one time 

3. JRails has been used to build many high-traffic websites and applications, including Basecamp 3 

4. JRails provides all of the functionality of Ruby on Rails with some additional features such as multi-threading, dynamic loading, and a new set of APIs

GWT (Google Web Toolkit) 

GWT is a Google product but it can be used with any Java application.

Java developers use GWT to build browser-based applications in the same way that they would develop server-side software, by using their standard development environments and skillsets.

The developer compiles this source code into one or more JavaScript programs that run on browsers such as Chrome, Firefox, Internet Explorer (IE), Safari and Opera. The result of compilation is a set of “client” files – usually called gwt.js or GCWTServicejws_generated.js). They are static client libraries that provide core functionality for your app: data binding, event handling and communication between HTML UI elements generated by the compiler.

Features Of GWT (Google Web Toolkit) 

1. GWT is a set of tools that allow you to build cross-platform web applications in Java 

2. GWT provides an abstraction layer between the browser and your application code, so you don’t have to worry about how to send data back and forth from JavaScript to Java 

3. You can use any IDE with GWT, including Eclipse or IntelliJ IDEA 

4. You can also generate client-side widgets using the Google Web Toolkit Widgets Library (GWTL) for HTML5 browsers.

Scala FX (Scala And Java Mixed Together)

The ScalaFX Scene Builder is a visual editor that lets you layout and connects the UI components of your application using drag-and-drop. It also generates all the code required to support this layout for both desktop and mobile targets.

In fact, it’s possible with FXML (a markup language) which is an XML representation in Java. The main bundle needed by most applications are JavaFX.

Features Of Scala FX (Scala And Java Mixed Together)

1. Scala is a functional programming language that runs on the Java Virtual Machine 

2. It’s concise and expressive, which makes it easy to develop complex applications in fewer lines of code 

3. Its powerful type system can detect errors at compile-time instead of run-time 

4. It has an interactive shell for evaluating expressions and running programs interactively without having to create files or classes first 

5. Scala has full interoperability with Java libraries, frameworks, and tools.


Kotlin is a statically typed programming language that runs on the Java Virtual Machine and can also compile to JavaScript source code. Kotlin programs are intended to run in many environments, such as web applications, embedded systems, desktop apps ́and games — anywhere where Java might currently be used today. It has full interoperability with existing Java classes (including those written in other languages targeting the JVM) without requiring any changes; new libraries can seamlessly be created using Kotlin along with existing ones. The designers of Kotlin took care of being able to easily switch from one platform or environment to another while keeping all old code working at once.

Features Of Kotlin 

1. Kotlin is a statically typed programming language for modern multiplatform applications 

2. It was developed by JetBrains, the same company that created IntelliJ IDEA and other popular development tools 

3. Kotlin is 100% interoperable with Java code, so you don’t have to worry about rewriting your existing codebase or learning new syntax 

4. It’s designed to be concise and expressive, which makes it easy to read through code written in Kotlin 

5. The compiler produces efficient bytecode which runs on the JVM (Java Virtual Machine) without any overhead from interpretation.